How to Pot-Up Palm Plants


Palms need repotting about once every three years. They grow well in a tight pot, and limiting the size of the root mass helps keep them small and manageable. Potting up, or repotting into a larger pot, becomes necessary when the roots are severely crowded or when the palm is top-heavy and the size of the pot is out of balance with the size of the plant. If the soil dries out too quickly, there may not be enough soil in the pot to support the roots. A larger pot needs watering less often. Re-pot into the same pot or one of similar size to freshen the soil, treat soil insect infestations or remove fertilizer salts.

  1. Place a layer of potting soil in the bottom of the new pot.
  2. Remove the palm from the old pot. A palm’s roots often adhere tightly to the sides and bottom of the pot, making this a difficult job. If you can’t loosen the root mass by running a sharp knife around the inside edge of the pot, you may have to break the pot to remove it.
  3. Center the palm in the new pot on top of the layer of soil. The plant should sit at the same level as in the old pot. Burying it deeper encourages rot. Adjust the depth of the soil in the bottom of the pot, if necessary.
  4. Fill in around the sides of the root mass with potting soil, pressing it down firmly as you go.
  5. Flood the pot with water and tamp it on the ground to make sure the soil is tightly packed and there are no air pockets. Add more soil as it settles. Continue flooding and tamping until there is no more settling. Allow the pot to drain completely before bringing the palm indoors.

By Jackie Carroll, Demand Media

Hollywood Movies I like… (Primera Parte)

Each and everyone of us has his or her own tastes for Hollywood movies. For me, these are the first seven films I like in… random order.

First Blood (1982): Ted Kotcheff (Director), Sylvester StalloneMichael Kozoll and the late William Sackheim (Screenplay)

Town sheriff Will Teasle (Brian Dennehy) does not welcome Rambo (Stallone) and orders him to leave town.

Town sheriff Will Teasle (Brian Dennehy) does not welcome Rambo (Stallone) and orders him to leave town.

John J. Rambo (Stallone) is a former United States Special Forces soldier who fought in Vietnam and won the Congressional Medal of Honor, but his time in Vietnam still haunts him. As he came to Hope, Washington to visit a friend, he was guided out of town by the Sheriff William Teasel (Brian Dennehy) who insults Rambo, but what Teasel does not know that his insult angered Rambo to the point where Rambo became violent and was arrested, as he was at the county jail being cleaned, he escapes and goes on a rampage through the forest to try to escape from the sheriffs who want to kill him. Then, as Rambo’s commanding officer, Colonel Samuel Trautman (the late Richard Crenna) tries to save both the Sheriff’s department and Rambo before the situation gets out of hand.

This American psychological thriller action film was based on David Morrell‘s 1972 novel of the same name, it was the first of the Rambo series.


Rambo searches for one of his friends from his unit, Delmar Berry and ends up in the town of Hope, Washington.

Despite initial mixed reviews, the film was a commercial success. Since its release, First Blood became seen as an underrated, cult and influential film in the action genre. It spawned three sequels, all written by and starring Stallone, who also directed the fourth installment.

It raked more than $125 million worldwide against it budget of only $14 million.

Interesting Facts:

  • Paul Newman, Ryan O’Neal and James Garner, Al Pacino, Michael Douglas, Nick Nolte, Jeff Bridges, John Travolta and Kris Kristofferson  were considered to play John Rambo.
  • Warner Bros. had considered to make the story with Clint Eastwood, Steve McQueen, Al Pacino, and Dustin Hoffman
  • Gene Hackman was considered to play Sheriff Teasle and Lee Marvin and Kirk Douglas were considered for Col. Trautman’s part.
  • “First Blood” was Sylvester Stallone’s first non-Rocky movie which didn’t bomb. In fact, it arguably saved his career.

Col. Sam Trautman (Crenna) explains to Teasle (Dennehey) that he trained Rambo, and that the Army sent him to “rescue” them

Interesting Lines:

Trautman: I don’t think you understand. I didn’t come to rescue Rambo from you. I came here to rescue you from him.

Teasle: Well, we all appreciate your concern Colonel, I will try to be extra careful!

Trautman: I’m just amazed he allowed any of your posse to live.

Teasle: Is that right?

Trautman: Strictly speaking, he slipped up. You’re lucky to be breathing.

Teasle: That’s just great. Colonel, you came out here to find out why one of your machines blew a gasket!

Trautman: You don’t seem to want to accept the fact you’re dealing with an expert in guerrilla warfare, with a man who’s the best, with guns, with knives, with his bare hands. A man who’s been trained to ignore pain, ignore weather, to live off the land, to eat things that would make a billy goat puke. In Vietnam his job was to dispose of enemy personnel. To kill! Period! Win by attrition. Well Rambo was the best.

Teasle: Are you telling me that 200 of our men against your boy is a no-win situation for us?

Trautman: You send that many, don’t forget one thing.

Teasle: What?

Trautman: A good supply of body bags.

This is my utmost  favorite among all Rambo movies because I believe that the first one always measures success or failure.


Philadelphia (1993): Jonathan Demme (Director), Ron Nyswaner (Screenplay)


Andrew Beckett (Hanks) listens as Joe Miller (Washington) cross-examines a witness.

Andrew Beckett (Tom Hanks), a gay lawyer infected with AIDS, is fired from his law firm in fear that they might contract AIDS from him. After Andrew is fired, in a last attempt for peace, he sues his former law firm with the help of a homophobic lawyer, Joe Miller (Denzel Washington). During the court battle, Miller sees that Beckett is no different than anyone else on the gritty streets of the city of brotherly love, sheds his homophobia and helps Beckett with his case before AIDS overcomes him.

This American drama film and one of the first mainstream Hollywood films to acknowledge HIV/AIDS, homosexuality, and homophobia garnered a lot of awards. Hanks won the Academy Award [Oscars and Golden Globe] for Best Actor for his role, Nyswaner won Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen [Oscars] while the song “Streets of Philadelphia” by Bruce Springsteen won the Academy Award for Best Original Song [Oscars and Golden Globe].

With a budget of only $26 million, it grossed almost $207 million worldwide.

Interesting Facts:

  • The home movies at the end which show Andrew as a child are real life videos of Tom Hanks in his childhood.
  • Tom had to lose almost thirty pounds to appear appropriately gaunt for his courtroom scenes. Denzel, on the other hand, was asked to gain a few pounds for his role. Denzel, to the chagrin of Tom, who practically starved himself for the role, would often eat chocolate bars in front of him.
  • The courtroom scenes were filmed in an actual courtroom that the city let the producers used. It was not a set.
  • In the film, Denzel’s  character says he prays that Philadelphia Phillies win the pennant. The year this movie was released, the Phillies did just that.
  • Demme decided to record the opera scene live so Hanks could get a better performance with the music playing. This proved extremely tricky in the editing suite (music is usually added in post-production).
  • Daniel Day-Lewis, Michael Keaton and Andy Garcia were all offered the role of Andrew Beckett.
  • John Leguizamo turned down the part of Miguel Alvarez instead it went to Antonio Banderas.
  • James Woods was considered for the role of Charles Wheeler but the late Jason Robards played the part.

Interesting Lines:

[Joe Miller is in court and has just asked his witness whether he is a homosexual]
Joe Miller: Are you a homo? Are you a queer? Are you a faggot? Are you a fruit? Are you *gay*, sir?

Librarian: Sir, wouldn’t you be more comfortable in a study room?
[Andrew looks up and sees people in the library staring at him]
Andrew Beckett: No. Would it make you more comfortable?

Joe Miller: What’s wrong with your face?
Andrew Beckett: I have AIDS.

Joe Miller: Now, explain it to me like I’m a four-year-old.

The movie Philadelphia is a truly amazing movie and touching story. It shows that no matter what, we have to stand for our rights even if the majority is against us.

Remember the Titans (2000):  Boaz Yaki (Director), Gregory Allen Howard (Screenplay), Jerry Bruckheimer (Producer)

Coach Herman Boone (Washington) commands the drills of the  racially integrated football team.

Coach Herman Boone (Washington) commands the drills of the racially integrated football team.

Suburban Virginia schools have been segregated for generations, in sight of the Washington Monument over the river in the nation’s capital. This film is is based on the true story of African American coach Herman Boone (Denzel Washington) as he tries to introduce a racially divided team at the T. C. Williams High School in the southern Virginia town of Alexandria, Virginia in 1971. One Black and one White high school are closed and the students sent to this High School under federal mandate to integrate. This 1971 football team became the unifying symbol for the community as the boys and the adults learn to depend on and trust each other. Former T. C. Williams High School football coach, Bill Yoast (Will Patton) was relegated as Coach Boone’s assistant but was instrumental in shaping the transition thus helping Boone. The real life portrayal of athletes Gerry Bertier (Ryan Hurst) and Julius Campbell (Wood Harris) appear within the harmonized story line.

This 2000 American sports drama film was considered a financial success due to its $30 million budget costs, it raked almost $137 million.

Interesting Facts:

  • There is one scene in the film where a brick is thrown through Coach Boone’s window. In real life it was an old toilet that was thrown, but film makers thought this would add humor to the serious situation.
  • In real life, Coach Bill Yoast has four daughters: Bonnie, Angela, Sheryl, and Deidre. Unlike in the film, all four daughters lived with their mother, Betty Yoast, after their parents divorced. Bonnie was in college, Angela went to a different high school, and Deidre was only 3-years-old in 1971, but Sheryl attended most of the games and other events with her father, so the filmmakers thought it would be distracting to depict the other three girls. While Bill Yoast was not happy about that, the sisters were fine with it and rather enjoyed the movie.
  • Tourists often went to the real T.C. Williams High School after the movie was released, according to Sports Illustrated, and were very surprised that the real school does not look like the one in the movie. The movie was not filmed in Alexandria; it was filmed in various locations in Georgia.

Interesting Lines:


Coach Boone (Washington) contemplates before addressing his team at Gettysburg.

The best line of the film was when Coach Boone rounded up the boys at the place where the Battle of Gettysburg took place and addressed them with these lines that eventually united them as a team…

This is where they fought the Battle of Gettysburg. Fifty thousand men died right here on this field, fighting the same fight that we are still fighting among ourselves today. This green field right here, painted red, bubblin’ with the blood of young boys. Smoke and hot lead pouring right through their bodies. Listen to their souls, men. I killed my brother with malice in my heart. Hatred destroyed my family. You listen, and you take a lesson from the dead. If we don’t come together right now on this hallowed ground, we too will be destroyed, just like they were. I don’t care if you like each other of not, but you will respect each other. And maybe… I don’t know, maybe we’ll learn to play this game like men“.

The Gods Must Be Crazy (1980): Jamie Uys (Producer, Screenplay & Director)

A Sho (the late Namibian San farmer Nǃxau) in the Kalahari desert encounters technology for the first time–in the shape of a Coke bottle. He takes it back to his people, and they use it for many tasks. The people start to fight over it, so he decides to return it to the God–where he thinks it came from. Along the way, he encounters a diverse assortment of people: school teacher, Kate Thompson (Sandra Prinsloo) assigned to a small village, a despotic revolutionary, Sam Boga (Louw Verwey), and a clumsy biologist, Andrew Steyn (Marius Weyers).


Xi (Nǃxau) is happy to be reunited with his two sons.

This South African comedy film that was financed only from local sources, was the most commercially successful movie in the history of South Africa’s film industry.

Based on nineteen reviews, The Gods Must Be Crazy has carried a 95% “Fresh” score on Rotten Tomatoes. It grossed over $60 million which is twelve times it budget.

Interesting Facts:

  • N!xau was paid less than $2000 for his role as Xi, even though the film grossed over $100 million worldwide. Before his death in 1996, Jamie Uys gave N!xau $20,000 and a monthly stipend.
  • The film ran for 532 consecutive days at the Oaks Theaters in Cupertino, California, setting a record for the longest uninterrupted run of any movie in Northern California. It was pulled only because the film reels fell into disrepair and a large section caught fire. After such a long run, replacing the reels was too expensive.
  • The film was world’s biggest foreign box office hit during its release.

Interesting Lines:

The most amusing lines in this movie was made by the narrator when he said…

But in the Kalahari, it’s always Tuesday, or Thursday if you like, or Sunday. No clocks or calendars tell you to do this or that“.


Die Hard (1988): John McTiernan (Director), Steven E. de Souza and Jeb Stuart (Screenplay), Lawrence Gordon and Joel Silver (Producers)

Off-duty New York City Police Department Detective John McClane (Bruce Willis)  has just arrived in Los Angeles to spend Christmas with his estranged wife, Holly Genaro (Bonnie Bedelia). Unfortunatly, it is not going to be a Merry Christmas for everyone as a group of highly organized criminals led by Hans Gruber (Alan Rickman) performs a heist in the Nakatomi Plaza buildin under the guise of a terrorist attack using hostages, including McClane’s wife to keep the police at bay. With no way of anyone getting in or out, it’s up to McClane to stop all 12 of them.

This American action film was based on the 1979 novel Nothing Lasts Forever by Roderick Thorp. Made on a $28 million budget, Die Hard went on to gross over $140 million theatrically worldwide, and received a positive reception from critics.


Det. John McClane (Willis) fights the bad guys in a scene from “Die Hard”.

The film garnered a 92% approval rating from 53 critics—an average rating of 8.3 out of 10—on Rotten Tomatoes and 70 out of 100 from 13 critics, which indicates “generally favorable” reviews from Metacritic.

The film turned Willis into an action star, and became a frequent comparison for other action films featuring a lone hero fighting overwhelming odds. The film’s success spawned the Die Hard franchise, which includes four sequels, video games, and a comic book.

Interesting Facts:

  • 20th Century Fox was contractually obliged to offer Frank Sinatra the lead role in Die Hard, but he turned it down.
  • The film was pitched as a sequel to the 1985 action film Commando starring Arnold Schwarzenegger but Schwarzenegger also turned it down. The film was pitched to, and rejected by, a host of the era’s action stars before Willis was chosen.
  • 20th Century Fox did not have faith in Willis’ action star appeal, as at the time he was known for his comedic role on television.
  • The Nakatomi tower is actually the headquarters of 20th Century Fox. The company charged itself rent for the use of the then unfinished building.
  • Special, extra loud blanks were made for use in the film to add to the “hyper-realism” director John McTiernan was looking for. Unfortunately for Bruce Willis, some of these blanks were used for the scene where he kills a terrorist by shooting him through the bottom of a table where the terrorist is standing. The proximity of the gun to Willis’ ear during this scene caused permanent hearing loss for Willis.
  • The scene where McClane falls down a shaft was a mistake by the stuntman, who was supposed to grab the first vent, as it originally was planned. He slipped and continued to fall, but the shot was used anyway; it was edited together with one where McClane grabs the next vent down as he falls.
  • The line “Yippee-ki-yay, motherfucker!” is used in all Five Die Hard movies. The line was voted as the #96 of “The 100 Greatest Movie Lines” by Premiere in 2007.
  • The scene where Bruce Willis and Alan Rickman meet up was unrehearsed to create a greater feeling of spontaneity between the two actors.

Interesting Lines:

Mcclane (Willis) confronts for the first time his nemesis.

McClane (Willis) confronts for the first time his nemesis.

Gruber (Rickman) aims his gun at McClane.

Gruber (Rickman) aims his gun at McClane.

Interesting lines from this movie are between the main antagonist McClane (Willis) and main protagonist Gruber (Rickman)…

Hans Gruber: “Do you really think you have a chance against us, Mr. Cowboy?” 

John McClane: “Yippee-ki-yay, motherfucker”.

Hans Gruber: [Hans’ radio turns on] “I thought I told all of you, I want radio silence until further…

John McClane: “Ooooh, I’m very sorry Hans. I didn’t get that message. Maybe you should’ve put it on the bulletin board. I figured since I’ve waxed Tony and Marco and his friend here, I figured you and Karl and Franco might be a little lonely, so I wanted to give you a call“.

Saving Private Ryan (1998): Steven Spielberg (Director), Robert Rodat (Screenplay), Ian BryceMark GordonGary Levinsohn & Spielberg (Producers)

After the invasion of fortress Europe on June 6, 1944, United States Army Rangers Captain John H. Miller (Tom Hanks) leads his squad from the 2nd Ranger Battalion of the 29th Infantry Division and his squad (Tom Sizemore, Edward Burns, Barry Pepper, Vin Diesel, Giovanni Ribisi, Adam Goldberg and Jeremy Davies) as they set on a mission to find and bring home Private First Class James Francis Ryan (Matt Damon) after the death of his brothers. The mission takes them through Nazi occupied territory to establish contact with Ryan’s unit an element of the 101st Airborne Division. This exiting war thriller brings the reality of history’s bloodiest war into the homes of ordinary people, but also brings into light the reality of broken and lost families in a time of total and encompassing war.

This American epic war film set during the Invasion of Normandy in World War II  is notable for its graphic and realistic portrayal of war, and for the intensity of its opening 27 minutes, which depict the Omaha Beach assault of June 6, 1944.


TSgt. Mike Horvath (Sizemore) and Cpt. John H. Miller of the (Hanks) of the 2nd Ranger Battalion, U.S. Army prepare to land on Omaha Beach at the beginning of the Normandy Invasion.

Saving Private Ryan has received critical acclaim for its realistic portrayal of World War II combat. In particular, the sequence depicting the Omaha landings was named the “best battle scene of all time” by Empire magazine and was ranked number one on TV Guide‘s list of the “50 Greatest Movie Moments”

 The movie was a critical and commercial success and is credited with contributing to a resurgence in America’s interest in World War II. Old and new films, video games, and novels about the war enjoyed renewed popularity after its release.

The film received great critical acclaim as it grossed over $480 million. it was praised for its realistic battle scenes and the performance of the actors.


Cpt. John H. Miller (Hanks), PFC James Francis Ryan (Damon) and PFC Richard Reiben (Burns) defends the bridge from the elements of the 2nd SS Panzer Division.

The film was nominated for eleven Academy Awards, with wins for Best Cinematography, Best Sound, Best Sound Effects Editing, Best Film Editing, and Best Director for Spielberg, but lost the Best Picture. The film also won the Golden Globes for Best Picture – Drama and Director, the BAFTA Award for Special Effects and Sound, the Directors Guild of America Award, a Grammy Award for Best Film Soundtrack, the Producers Guild of America Golden Laurel Award, and the Saturn Award for Best Action, Adventure, or Thriller Film.

In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed its “Ten Top Ten“—the best ten films in ten “classic” American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. Saving Private Ryan was listed as the eighth best film in the epic films genre.

Interesting Facts:

  • Tom Sizemore was battling a drug addiction during production. Steven Spielberg gave him an ultimatum that he would be blood tested on the set every day of filming, and if he failed the test once he would be fired and the part of Horvath would be recast and re-shot with someone else, even if it was at the end of production.
  • Two of the landing craft used in the Omaha Beach scenes were actually in use in World War II.
  • All the principal actors underwent several days of grueling army training – except for Matt Damon, who was spared so that the other actors would resent him, and would convey that resentment in their performances.
  • Steven Spielberg cast Matt Damon as Ryan because he wanted an unknown actor with an All-American look. He didn’t know Damon would win an Oscar for Good Will Hunting (1997) and become an overnight star before the film was released.
  • Mel Gibson and Harrison Ford were both considered for the role of Capt. John Miller, before Steven Spielberg decided on casting Hanks while Neil Patrick Harris was considered for the role of Private Ryan.

Interesting Lines:

Cot. Miller (Hanks) informs PFC Ryan (Damon) the fate of his brothers.

Cot. Miller (Hanks) informs PFC Ryan (Damon) the fate of his brothers.

The most interesting lines from the movie came when Cpt. Miller finally meets PFC Ryan…

Captain Miller: James Francis Ryan of Iowa?

Private Ryan: Yes, sir. Paton, Iowa, that’s correct. What is this about?

Captain Miller: Your brothers were killed in combat.

Private Ryan: Which – Which ones?

Captain Miller: All of them.

Gladiator (2000): Ridley Scott (Director), John Logan, William Nicholson, David Franzoni (Screenplay), David Franzoni (Story), Douglas WickDavid Franzoni, and Branko Lustig (Producers)

Victorious general Maximus Decimus Meridias (Russell Crowe) has been named keeper of Rome by its empire by dying emperor Marcus Aurelius (the late Richard Harris), so that rule might pass from the Caesars back to the people and Senate. Marcus’ neglected and power-hungry son, Commodus (Joaquin Phoenix), has other ideas, however. Escaping an ordered execution, Maximus hurries back to his home in Spain, too late to save his wife (Giannina Facio) and son (Giorgio Cantarini) from the same order. Taken into slavery and trained as a gladiator by Proximo (the late Oliver Reed), Maximus lives only that he might someday take his revenge and fulfill the dying wish of his emperor. The time soon comes when Proximo’s troupe is called to Rome to participate in a marathon of gladiator games held at the behest of the new emperor, Commodus. Once in Rome, Maximus wastes no time in making his presence known, and is soon involved in a plot to overthrow the emperor with his former-love Lucilla (Connie Nielsen), Commodus’ sister, after whom he lusts, and also the widowed mother of Lucius (Spencer Treat Clark), heir to the empire after his uncle, and democratic-minded senator, Gracchus (Derek Jacobi). Maximus gains fame as a gladiator and uses his celebrity to cause further damage to Commodus’ tenuous hold on the susceptible Roman people, hoping to inspire them to rediscover their lost values and overcome the corruption that is eating away at them. These actions prompt Commodus to square off mano a mano with Maximus in the Colisseum with the fate of Rome at stake.


Emperor Marcus Aurelius (Harris) asks General Maximus Decimus Meridius (Crowe) to succeed him as a regent and turn Rome back into a republic.

This American-British epic historical drama film was a box office success, receiving positive reviews, and was credited with rekindling interest in the historical epic. The film won multiple awards, notably five Academy Awards in the 73rd Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Actor for Crowe. The movie grossed over $450 million worldwide.


Commodus (Phoenix), desperate to kill Maximus and to restore his own glory, confronts Maximus (Crowe) before their arrange duel.

Gladiator received positive reviews, with 76% of the critics polled by Rotten Tomatoes giving it favorable reviews, with an averaged score of 7 out of 10. At the website Metacritic, which employs a normalized rating system, the film earned a favorable rating of 64/100 based on 37 reviews by mainstream critics.

The Battle of Germania was cited by CNN as one of their “favorite on-screen battle scenes”, while Entertainment Weekly named Maximus as their sixth favorite action hero, because of “Crowe’s steely, soulful performance”, and named it as their third favorite revenge film. In December 2000, Gladiator was named the best film of the year by viewers of Film 2000, taking 40% of the votes.

Interesting Facts:

  • Maximus’ (Russell Crowe) description of his home (specifically how the kitchen is arranged and smells in the morning and at night) was ad-libbed – it’s a description of Crowe’s own home in Australia.
  • As Oliver Reed died with three weeks of principal photography remaining and as he was considered a key character, a clause in the insurance coverage on the movie would have allowed the film-makers to shoot all of Reed’s scenes with another actor, with the insurers footing the cost (estimated at $25 million). However, most of the actors and crew were exhausted from the punishing schedule and Ridley Scott did not want to lose Reed from the movie, so the script was rewritten and CGI used to give Reed’s character a plausible resolution.
  • In reality, Aurelius died of the plague and Commodus ascended to the throne. He was a much loved emperor by the army and the lower classes.
  • During filming Russell Crowe became friends with Richard Harris. However, it was the opposite with Oliver Reed who took an instant dislike to Crowe and at one point challenged him to a fight.
  • Connie Nielsen found the 2000-year-old signet ring which she wears in the movie, in an antique store.
  • Russell Crowe was continually unhappy with the screenplay, rewriting much of it to suit his own ends. He would frequently walk off the set if he didn’t get his way. The famous line “In this life or the next, I will have my vengeance” he initially refused to say, telling writer William Nicholson “Your lines are garbage but I’m the greatest actor in the world and I can make even garbage sound good“.
  • Jennifer Lopez auditioned for the role of Lucilla.
  • In the original drafts of the script, the name of the main character was not Maximus, but Narcissus, the name of the man who killed Commodus in real life.

Interesting Lines:

The most interesting line in this movie was delivered by Commodus when he challenge Maximus  to a duel to the death…

Commodus: The general who became a slave. The slave who became a gladiator. The gladiator who defied an emperor. Striking story! But now, the people want to know how the story ends. Only a famous death will do. And what could be more glorious than to challenge the Emperor himself in the great arena?

Maximus: You would fight me?

Commodus: Why not? Do you think I am afraid?

Maximus: I think you’ve been afraid all your life.

Coconut Husks as Hanging Baskets

Coconut coir the fibrous material found between the hard internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. This natural husk fiber is used in a variety of household products such as ropes, doormats, and brushes with one of the most popular uses being the liners in hanging baskets and planters.

Coco Husk

The environmentally-friendly coconut husk liners are used in wire baskets and planters to hold the soil and to help keep the soil moist without causing root rot on plants. If you have ever tried to use just a coconut husk and soil before you will know that the water leaves the planter just as fast as it came into it – they can leak very heavily leaving your plants to completely dry out in-between waterings! So, what should you do?

  1. Measure your wire basket and purchase the appropriate coconut husk liners to fit, some are already pre-made into a bowl shape or you can buy it off the roll.
  2. After placing your liner into the wire basket, line the coconut husk liner with newspaper and get it completely wet.
  3. Poke a couple of holes into the bottom for drainage.
  4. Fill your basket 3/4 with potting soil and tuck in any newspaper that might be poking out.
  5. Lace the plants inside, spacing them apart and gently breaking plant’s root ball with your fingers as you go.
  6. Fill the rest of the basket with soil going around each plant, taking care not to press down too hard. Give your basket or planter a good watering and hang it up, you’re done!

Source: Inspire Me Heather


Business Organization (At a Glance)


Corporation, definition:

Within the context of Philippine law, a “corporation” is treated as an artificial being created by operation of law, having the right of succession and the powers, attributes and properties expressly authorized by law or incident to its existence [Sec. 2, Corporation Code].cralaw

Corporation, classes:

Corporations may be classified as follows:

    [a]  Stock corporations – [1]  capital stock divided into shares; and [2]authorized to distribute profits

    [b]  Non-stock corporations – organized not for profit

Corporation, kinds by method of creation:

    [a]  by special law or charter

    [b]  by being organized under the corporation code

Corporation, how organized:

Philippine corporate entities are organized as follows:

[a]Number of incorporators:

Incorporators are required to be not less than five [5] but not more than fifteen [15].cralaw

[b]  Residency requirement:

Majority of the incorporators are required to be residents of the Philippines.cralaw

[c]  Qualifications:

All incorporators:

    [1]  must be natural persons

    [2]  must be of legal age

A corporation or a partnership cannot be incorporators of a Philippine corporate entity.  The only way a corporation or a partnership may become stockholder of a Philippine corporation is by acquiring a stock thereof but only after it shall have been duly incorporated.cralaw

[d] Subscription requirement:

All incorporators must subscribe to at least one (1) share of stock of the corporation being organized.cralaw

Corporation, minimum subscription:

The law requires that the total capital stock to be subscribed at the time of incorporation should at least be twenty five percent [25%] of the authorized capital stock of the corporation being organized.cralaw

Corporation, minimum paid-up capital:

The paid-up capital of a Philippine corporation must not be less than PhP5,000.00.  Thus, it is required that at least twenty five percent [25%] of the subscribed capital stock should be fully paid up but the amount of which should not be less than said PhP5,000.00.cralaw

Corporation, incorporation documents:

The following incorporation documents are required:

[a]  Articles of Incorporation;

[b]  By-laws;

[c]  Treasurer’s Affidavit which should state compliance with the authorized subscribed and paid-up capital stock requirements.cralaw

[d]  Bank Certificate that the paid-up capital portion of the authorized capital stock has been deposited with the issuing bank.cralaw

There are “express lane” forms available at the Securities and Exchange Commission [SEC] for certain specified corporate business organizations.cralaw

Corporation, where filed:

The incorporation documents should be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission [SEC] of the Philippines.cralaw

Corporation, what should be stated:

[a]  the name of the corporation which must not be identical or deceptively or confusingly similar to any existing corporation;

[b]  the purpose of the corporation;

[c]  principal office of the corporation;

[d]  the term or life of the corporation which should not exceed fifty [50] years.  This corporate lifetime  may, however, be extended for another fifty [50] years but the extension must not be effected earlier than five [5] years before the expiration of its term.cralaw

Corporation, limitation on foreign equity holdings:

The equity requirements should be strictly observed and followed in certain areas of business where the constitution and the laws of the Philippines impose limitation on foreign holdings.cralaw

Generally, however, foreigners may invest as much as one hundred percent [100%] equity in areas not covered by the Negative List under the Foreign Investments Act.cralaw

The following provisions thereof may serve as guide:

List A :  Includes those reserved to Philippine nationals by the Constitution of the Philippines.chanrobles virtual law library

[a]  exploitation of natural resources [100% domestic equity]

[b]  operation of public utilities [60% domestic equity]

[c]  mass media [100% domestic equity]

[d] educational institution [70% domestic equity]

[e]  labor recruitment [65% dom. equity]

[f]  retail trade [100% dom. equity]

[g]  rural banking [100% dom. equity]

List B :  Includes those regulated by law.chanrobles virtual law library

[a]  defense-related activities

[b]  manufacture and distribution of dangerous drugs

[c]  nightclubs, bathhouse and similar activities

[d]  small and medium-sized domestic market enterprises with paid-in equity capital of less than US$500,000.00

[e]  export enterprises utilizing new materials from depleting natural resources with paid-in equity of less than US$500,000.00

Corporation, when corporate existence commences:

The corporate life or existence of a Philippine corporation commences from the time a Certificate of Incorporation is issued in its favor by the Securities and Exchange Commission [SEC].cralaw

Corporation, effect of non-use:

[a]  A corporation is deemed dissolved if the corporate charter granted in its favor expires by non-use for a period of at least two [2] years from issuance thereof.cralaw

[b]  A corporation is deemed suspended or its franchise revoked if it has been duly organized but it failed to operate for a period of five [5] years.cralaw

Corporation, its organization:

A Philippine corporation is organized by electing members to its Board of Directors, by electing the corporate officers thereof and/or by setting up an Executive Committee.cralaw

Board of Directors, qualifications:

The members of the Board of a Philippine corporation must possess the following qualifications:

[1]  owner or holder of at least one [1] share of capital stock;

[2]  majority of the members must be residents of the Philippines;

[3]  they must be elected by the owners/holders of at least the majority of the outstanding capital stock.cralaw

Board of Directors, corporate acts:

For validity and legality of the corporate acts of the Board of Directors, a meeting should be fully convened and the same must be attended by at least a majority of its members.  Any and all corporate acts must be duly approved by a majority of the members of the Board except when otherwise provided by Philippine laws or by the By-laws of the corporation.cralaw

Board of Directors, self-dealing rule:

A self-dealing transaction of a member of the Board of Directors becomes voidable except under the following circumstances:

[1]  When the presence of such director in the Board meeting is not necessary to constitute a quorum;

[2]  When his vote is not necessary for the approval of the contract or transaction

[3]  When the terms of the contract are fair and reasonable and had been previously approved by the Board of Directors.cralaw

Corporate Officers, general rule:

As a general rule, the corporate officers of a Philippine corporation consist of the President who is required to be a member of the Board of Directors; the Corporate Treasurer; and the Corporate Secretary who is required to be both a resident and a citizen of the Philippines.cralaw

Other corporate officers may be designated under the By-laws of the corporation without getting afoul with the law.cralaw

The only limitation imposed by law on corporate officers is that no person can be the President and the Corporate Secretary at the same time or the President and Corporate Treasurer at the same time.cralaw

Corporate Officers, personal liability for damages:

A corporate officer of a Philippine corporation becomes personally liable for certain corporate acts under the following circumstances:

[1]  When he willfully and knowingly votes or assents to patently unlawful acts;

[2]  When he is guilty of gross negligence or bad faith in the conduct of the corporate affairs; or

[3]  When he acquires personal or pecuniary interest which is in conflict with his duty as such officer.cralaw

Stockholders, limited liability:

The liability of stockholders in Philippine corporations is limited only to the extent of their capital contribution thereto.  Other properties, holdings or assets of stockholders are not within the reach of corporate creditors.  To discourage abuse of this privilege, the Securities and Exchange Commission [SEC] imposes certain reportorial requirements which should be complied with on a regular basis.

Stockholders, kinds of meetings:

The kinds of meetings involving the stockholders of a Philippine corporation are as follows:

[1]  Regular meeting which is the equivalent of the annual stockholders’ meeting required to be duly provided under the By-laws;

[2]  Special meeting which may be called anytime as may be necessary

Stockholders’ meeting, requisites for validity:

In order to be valid, the stockholders’ meeting should comply with the following requisites:

[1]  A notice of such meeting must be served to the stockholders

[2]  A quorum, [i.e., majority of the outstanding capital stock of the corporation] must be fully established.cralaw

[3]  Any and all acts of the stockholders in a meeting duly called and constituted,  are deemed valid if approved by a majority of the outstanding capital stock or at least two-thirds [2/3] vote in certain cases specified under the law.

Corporation, dissolution:

As a general rule, the corporate existence of a Philippine corporation may last up to fifty [50] years, renewable for another fifty [50] years.  However, such lifetime may be shortened by a vote of 2/3 of the outstanding capital stock thereof through the process called dissolution.

How to register a CORPORATION with the Philippines SEC

Here is the guide on how to register a corporation with the Philippines Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).  Five (5) easy steps to follow…

1. Verify and reserve the proposed corporate name. You could do this the hard way, at the SEC Verification Unit, located at the SEC Building, EDSA, Greenhills, Mandaluyong City (right across the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration [POEA] and the EDSA Shrine). If you want to make your life a bit easier, you could do the verification and registration online, through the , a 24-7 portal. After paying the reservation fee, you will get a Name Verification Slip, which is submitted together with the other requirements.  

2. Prepare the Articles of Incorporation and By-laws. Blank forms are also available from the Company Registration and Monitoring Department (CRMD). The drafting of the Articles of Incorporation and the By-laws, as well as the other requirements, could also…

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My Fave Pinoy Comedians

Comedy is defined as any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theater, television, film and stand-up comedy.

I grew up in an era were sitcoms were not dominated by telenovelas, Korean novelas or drama anthologies but rather with sketch comedies or situation comedies.

As they say laughter is the best medicine then let me share to your the personalities that made me laugh as I was growing up.


I don’t know his real name but he used the screen name Tange which is an obvious spin-off of dumb (“tanga”). As far as I can remember, this stout, big and kinky-haired comedian  rarely talk on screen but his body language and facial expression are more than enough to make me laugh then.

He provided me tons of laughter in TV sitcoms such as “My Son, My Son” with the late Pugo and Jay Ilagan. I have read that Tange became sickly and had a minor speech impairment and passed away a poor man in 1981.

Tange is number 10 on my list as my fave comedians.

palito1 (1)

Reynaldo Alfredo R. Hipolito or popularly known as Palito is the opposite of Tange as he was unusually light build.  Because of his thinness, he was groomed as a comedian. I best remember him for his successful movies such as “Rambuto” and “James Bone”.

But perhaps, him playing as a “corpse” usually elicits laughter from my family. I’ve read somewhere that he usually selects the kind of coffin that he would be in.

Palito was confined for a month at a hospital due to lung problems as a result of excessive smoking. This 75-year old slapstick comedian died on April 12, 2010 from complications of the lungs. He is number 9 on my list.


Bert “Tawa” Marcelo was a prominent Filipino television personality whose trademark high-pitched infectious laughter earned him the popular moniker “Tawa”, after the Tagalog word for laugh.

I will best remember him for the several “San Miguel Beer” commercials he made and his classic tag line “Mag San Miguel Beer muna tayo!”

He co-hosted with Pilita Corales the then famous amateur singing contest, “Bagong Kampeon” program on Radio Philippine Network (RPN) not Solar Network  which  discovered so many talents such as Regine Velasquez and Donna Cruz.

He was at his peak when he suffered a fatal stroke in 1995. Bert was 59. He is number 8 on my list.


Redford White is Cipriano “Dodoy” Cermeño II in real life. He first came to my laughing side when he played a waiter in “Iskul Bukol”. The albino comedian immediately click with Mang Teme as in they were literally “Kape’t gatas”.

Among his movies, perhaps I will remember him more for his “Johnny Tango” role.

A devoted family man, Redford died of complications from brain and lung cancer on July 25, 2010. He is number 7 on my list.


Panchito  was the original sidekick of Dolphy. He was popularly known for prominent big nose, which was often the target of ridicule, by almost everyone…most especially Dolphy.

Apart from his partnering with Dolphy, Panchito or Alfonso D. “Panchito Alba” Tagle in real life, became known as a supporting player in many other film comedians.

Panchito suffered stroke and died on December 15, 1995. He is number 6 on my list.


Renato “Rene” Requistas was one of the top Filipino comedians of the late 1980s up to the early 1990s who rose to fame was via the post-EDSA satire Sic O’clock News.

He became the famous sidekick of Joey De Leon and they made many blockbuster movies together. His skinny, distinctive looks and large saucer eyes with a sad expression were his trademarks. But perhaps his biggest asset was his dentures where he would daringly take off his dentures for greater comic effect.

He spoke in a guttural manner and perfectly timed his punchlines. Who could not forget these famous lines he spewed on the first “Starzan” film -“Cheetae, ganda lalake!” (Cheetae, handsome guy!) and the echo reply “Ulol! Sinungaling! Panget! Panget! Panget!…..” (Crazy! Liar! Ugly! Ugly! Ugly!…..).

Rene lived extravagantly and in style, squandering his earnings. He was a smoker and drinker. He passed away almost penniless on July 24, 1993 at the age of 36 due to tuberculosis and other complications brought about by his vices. He is number 5 on my list.


The popular trio of  Tito Sotto, Vic Sotto & Joey De Leon  is number 4 on my list.

José María Ramos de León, Jr., better known as Joey de Leon became a co-host of GMA Network‘s early afternoon variety show Discorama hosted by Bobby Ledesma in 1975. He invited Tito (Vicente Sotto III) and Vic (Marvic Castello Sotto) to join him. The trio started making comedy newscast segments interspersed with Top 40 hit-song parodies. But the sitcom that made them famous was  Iskul Bukol.

Soon after, other TV and movie producers came knocking on the trio’s door. In 1979, TVJ started hosting for the noontime show Eat Bulaga! which was pitted against the more established Student Canteen hosted by their former colleague (and now competitor) Bobby Ledesma. Not long after, Eat Bulaga! toppled Student Canteen from the ratings.

The trio is now considered semi-retired as their last movie together was in 2008 with Iskul Bukol: 20 Years After.


Chiquito (Augusto Valdez Pangan, Sr.) was the “Slapstick Comedy King” of Philippine movies and perhaps the only comedian that could challenge Dolphy for the title as “King of Philippine Comedy”. Unfortunately, he was outlived by Pidol.

I best remember him for these famous comics characters: “Asiong Aksaya”, “Mang Kepweng”, “Kenkoy”, “Barok”. All of these, he performed with his trademark slapstick style. I likewise enjoy his “Mr. Wong” character. I really enjoyed watching him as a kid when he would move his ears when he is mesmerized with something.

Chiquito died at age 65 due to liver cancer at the Makati Medical Center on July 2, 1997. Nevertheless, Chiquito is number 3 on my list. If you want to read more about Chiquito, visit this site – Chiquito: King of Slapstick Comedy


Pugo (Mariano Contreras) was the original “King of Philippine Comedy”. His pairing with Togo (Andres Solomon) before and after the war was a hit. When Togo died, he again had a successful pairing with Bentot (Ben Cosca).

His popular TV shows were “Tangtarangtang”, “Si Tatang Kasi” and “Wanted Boarders”. But I best remembered him as the father who had a rope attached to his feet so that his wife can wake him up in “My Son, my son!”

When Pugo died in 1978, Pidol cut short his US vacation to attend the wake and had Pugo’s coffin replaced with a more expensive one – something more fit for the original King of Comedy, which Pugo was in the ‘50s and ‘60s. Pugo is number 2 on my list.

Dolphy.jpgDolphy (Rodolfo Vera Quizon Sr.) was widely regarded as the”King of Philippine Comedy”, the heir apparent of Pugo.

His popular TV shows were “John en Marsha (1973 – 1990)” with the late Nida Blanca, and “Home along the Riles (1992 – 2003)” with Nova Villa and Babalu.

He was the only Filipino comedian with over 400 films under his belt spanning from six decades. His last movie was “Father Jejemon (2010)“.

Dolphy died on July 10, 2012 due to multiple organ failure, secondary to complications brought about by pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute renal failure. He tops my list.